Churchill CofE Primary School

Churchill CofE Primary School

English Writing

Curriculum Statement for Writing

English Writing - Medium Term Overviews - Years One to Six

Our vision


This document sets out the Policy and Curriculum Statement for English at Churchill Church of England Primary School. Our English curriculum has been designed to promote language development which enables pupils to communicate effectively and to appreciate the richness, magic and power of the written word. It enables children to see language as a source of pleasure and enjoyment and use it to develop powers of imagination, creativity and inventiveness.


Words are the most inexhaustible source of magic


English Intent

At Churchill CEVC Primary School we use the Primary National Curriculum to underpin all aspects of the English Curriculum. Developing a love of reading, and the importance of this for our children both now and in the future, lies at the heart of our English curriculum.  We also see the power of reading as  inspiring writing. As such we have chosen a literature inspired approach for our writing curriculum that is based upon a clear progression enabling children to develop a deep understanding and acquire a rich knowledge and skills base;

  • Learning journeys are led using a quality text as the stimulus, this may be fiction (including poetry) or non- fiction.
  • In Early Years, English is planned around early reading, early writing and phonics.


Our English curriculum comprises of reading, writing and phonics; the heart of which uses our commitment to develop resilience, responsibility, confidence and self-belief.  Also included within this, are handwriting, spelling and grammar.  As reading is such a fundamental cornerstone of our curriculum and teachings at Churchill Primary School we have written a separate curriculum statement for this aspect of the English curriculum. We 



At Churchill Primary School we are passionate about ensuring all children become confident and enthusiastic readers and writers. We believe that phonics provides the foundations of learning to make the development into fluent reading and writing easier. Through phonics, children learn to segment words to support their spelling ability and blend sounds to read words. The teaching of phonics is of high priority.



We believe in immersing our children in texts through reading and analysing the skills of an expert writer. We have chosen to use ‘The Literary Curriculum’ from the Literacy Tree to support our teaching of writing, supplementary texts not based upon this scheme are also used to complement these texts This scheme provides a coherent and progressive curriculum that is linked with the requirements of the National Curriculum and supports teachers in their delivery of exciting and engaging lessons . Through immersion in high quality texts, children become aware of the language skills of a writer and use this as a model for their writing. Using this model, children develop greater competence in the conventions of spelling, punctuation, sentence structures and text organisation.


Through our curriculum, children will develop:


  • a strong command of the written and spoken word;
  • the ability to write clearly, accurately and coherently, adapting their language and style in and for a range of contexts, purposes and audiences;
  • the confidence and competence to produce high quality writing;
  • a good understanding of grammar and punctuation and its use in effective written communication.
  • the feeling of safety that when mistakes are made they can be recognised, edited and improved upon. 

Outcomes are planned with a real purpose in mind and builds on existing knowledge. The learning journey is shared with children and they understand how each step of their learning will contribute to the outcome.


Curriculum Implementation

Classroom organisation

We teach English as whole class lessons so that all children have access to the age-related skills and knowledge contained in the National Curriculum. Within lessons, teachers and teaching assistants target support for slower graspers to enable them to achieve at an age-related level, wherever possible. This may involve a greater level of scaffolding and access to additional support materials such as Writers Toolkits, Word Banks or a greater level of modelling. Rapid graspers are given opportunities to extend their writing in a variety of ways, including through showing greater control in their writing, a deeper understanding of the impact that their writing has on the reader and by using a higher level of vocabulary and grammar features.



At Churchill Primary School we use the Department of Education approved scheme 'Unlocking Letters and Sounds, for our teaching of phonics. This allows our phonics teaching and learning to build on from their Pre School experiences and ensure progression from entering school in Reception through to and beyond entering Key Stage 2 after the end of Year 2.


As children move into Reception, they continue to build on their listening skills which has been developed through exploring Phase 1 at Pre School and are introduced to Phase 2, which marks the start of systematic phonics learning. The children have discrete, daily phonics sessions where they revise previous learning, are taught new graphemes/phonemes, practise together and apply what they have learnt. Through ‘Letters and Sounds’, the children are taught the 44 phonemes that make up all the sounds required for reading and spelling. These phonemes include those made by just one letter and those that are made by two or more letters. Children work through the different phases and as they grow in confidence and experience, they are introduced to alternative ways of representing the same sound.  As they develop through their knowledge and understanding of phonics, alternative pronunciations and spellings will be introduced in Year 1 before moving onto spelling rules in Year 2.


Phonics is delivered daily as an explicit lesson in EYFS and KS1. Phonics is taught as a whole class approach to ensure that quality first teaching is accessible to all children.


  • Phase 1 – Activities are divided into seven aspects. Environmental Sounds, Instrumental Sounds, Body Sounds, Rhythm and Rhyme, Alliteration, Voice Sounds and finally Oral Blending and Segmenting.
  • Phase 2 – Learning 19 letters of the alphabet and one sound for each. Blending sounds together to make words. Segmenting sounds into their separate sounds. Beginning to read simple captions.
  • Phase 3 – The remaining 7 letters of the alphabet, one sound for each. Graphemes such as “ch”, “oo” and “th” representing the remaining phonemes not covered by single letters. Reading captions, sentences and questions. On completion of this phase, children will have learnt the “simple code”, i.e. one grapheme for each phoneme in the English language.
  • Phase 4 – No new grapheme-phoneme correspondences are taught in this phase. Children learn to blend and segment longer words with adjacent consonants, e.g. swim, clap, jump.
  • Phase 5 – Now we move on to the “complex code”. Children learn more graphemes for the phonemes which they already know, plus different ways of pronouncing the graphemes they already know.
  • Phase 6 – Working on spelling, including prefixes and suffixes, doubling and dropping letters etc.


At the end of Year 1, children are assessed using a national screening test, which requires each child to read aloud forty words – twenty real and twenty ‘nonsense’ words using their phonetic knowledge. The result of this test is reported to both parents and sent to central Government for comparison between schools nationally. Any child who does not meet the required standard in this assessment repeats the test again at the end of Year 2. We use the screening outcomes and our own assessments to ensure pupils who are not secure in their phonics awareness are supported through targeted intervention as they move onto their next stage of learning.



A daily English lesson of 45-60 minutes is taught in Year 1 – Year 6 and outcomes are planned with a real purpose in mind. The learning journey is shared with children and they understand how each step of their learning will contribute to the outcome.

  • As part of daily planning, previous knowledge and next steps within our progression are identified and shared with the children.
  • Opportunities for proof-reading and editing written work is planned daily and children are encouraged to take an increased responsibility for proof-reading for mistakes and editing their work, with the reader in mind, as they progress through the school.
  • The teaching of grammar is planned for and taught through the learning journey. Where necessary to introduce a new concept or cement understanding, additional discreet grammar sessions may be planned.

A typical 45 - 60 minute lesson is likely to include many of the following elements:

  • opportunity to respond to feedback in books;
  • opportunity to address any whole class misconceptions from the previous lesson;
  • revisiting prior learning;
  • open-ended questioning relating to texts that are being read;.
  • children being encouraged to explain and justify their thinking using precise language, modelled by the adults;
  • children making links in their learning;
  • children engaged in literacy and book talk;
  • children ‘taking risks’ and recognising making mistakes as part of the learning process;
  • use of confidence lines and peer-tutoring;
  • Use immersion and ‘WOW’ events to activities used (where possible) to introduce themes and reinforce learning objectives;
  • guided examples with children working on whiteboards;
  • comprehension and skills are taught explicitly; which use;

- prior knowledge/previewing,
- predicting,
- identifying the main idea in a text,
- summarisation,
- questioning,
- making inferences,
- visualising,
- story maps,
- retelling using oral, written and visual    


  • consolidation of new concepts guided by an adult;
  • children working individually on a task, in pairs or in a small group;
  • pupils selecting further challenges, depending on their own self-assessment and in consultation with the teachers.


Spellings are taught according to the rules and words contained in Appendix 1 of the English National Curriculum. Teachers use the The Spelling Shed to deliver spellings through lessons and online and interactive spellings games. Children are given spellings to learn each week and are given a spelling test the following week. Spelling tests are delivered as dictated sentences.  This ensures the spelling words are set in context and previous week’s words can be revisited and consolidated.

When marking work, teachers identify up to three words that children have spelt incorrectly from within that child’s known ability and these are identified with an ‘sp’ in the margin.  Children are then encouraged to identify these incorrect spellings in their own writing and correct them.

We use the mantra, ‘I will spell correctly, the words I can spell’


We work towards children developing a cursive script where handwriting is legible and fluent when writing at speed. Lessons use resources from the 'Letter-Join' scheme. Children move from writing simple printed letters to joining, forming a more flowing script. This process is tailored to the maturation and developmental stage of the individual child.


  • In Early Years, the children are taught to print letters alongside the phonics being taught. Pre-cursive script may be modelled alongside this. Teaching simple individual letters as a first step allows emergent writers to develop an abstract internal representation of each letterform.
  • In KS1, when the children are ready, they will begin to move into pre-cursive script and are taught the lead-ins and lead-outs for each which will go on to create the joins for each letter.
  • By the end of Key Stage 1 into Key Stage 2, the children are taught to maintain these joins to produce continuous cursive handwriting with correct horizontal and diagonal strokes.
  • When children are first introduced to letter formation, this is modelled within phonics sessions. This encourages grapheme-phoneme correspondence.
  • In Key Stage 1 and Key Stage 2, handwriting is taught through the introduction of letter families, allowing children to understand the common letter formation and type of join shared by certain groups of letters.

Curriculum Planning

Long-term planning

In Years 1-6 in our school we use the Literacy Tree Long term plans, which are aligned with the National Curriculum for English and provide a progression of writers’ skills and grammatical knowledge appropriate for each year group. This is supplemented when and where appropriate with customised planning.


Short term planning  

 All teachers will produce daily or weekly planning.  This will include:

  • an outline for the week with learning objectives;
  • a clear overview of teacher input;
  • evidence of planning for comprehension: including ‘book talk’ and ‘stem sentences’;
  • reference to source materials;
  • clear links and progress across a sequence of lessons;
  • new key literary, spelling or grammatical vocabulary;
  • possible misconceptions;
  • reference to focus children;
  • reference to how additional adults will support learning;
  • evidence of how ‘rapid graspers’ will be challenged.

Teachers evaluate their plans daily, making any necessary changes and adaptions in response to assessment for learning and the needs of the class.  Where appropriate, TA’s will provide feedback to inform next steps planning.

Teachers plan for adult-led small groups and pre-teaching sessions for identified children.

The Literacy Tree, Unlocking Letters and Sounds, The Spelling Shed, NFER Assessments in Reading and Grammar, Nessy, The Natural Curriculum and Deepening Understanding Grammar are used to support planning.


Curriculum impact


Day-to-day assessments

As part of the ongoing teaching and learning process, teachers assess children's understanding through a range of ‘Assessment for Learning’ strategies.  Annotations to planning inform day to day teaching and learning, are based on observation, questioning, informal testing and the marking and evaluation of work.  This also enables appropriate written and verbal feedback to be given to children and will inform planning for the following day.


Teachers make use of diagnostic questioning throughout all stages of pupils’ learning, to identify misconceptions. Open-ended questioning is central to teacher input, enabling misconceptions to be revealed and explored.  Marking and feedback will also identify misconceptions which will either be challenged or inform next steps. Learners are also taught to assess and evaluate their own understanding by recognising successes, learning from their own mistakes and identifying areas for improvement.  (See Feedback and Marking policy for further details.)


Summative assessments
For the academic year 2020-21, at the end of term 1, 4 and  6, children will sit an NFER paper in spelling to assess understanding and knowledge of the previous year’s curriculum.  Gap analysis will be carried out to identify which key areas to focus on.  This will inform teacher planning and organisation of intervention groups so that children can ‘catch up’ on curriculum areas they need extra support with. 


At the end of the term 2, 4 and 6, children’s writing is assessed against the Churchill Writing Key Performance Indicators. This provides a summary of their understanding of the areas of the curriculum taught that term and will inform provision maps and planning. This information is used to track attainment and progress and is regularly updated on FFT Aspire where progress can be compared with FFT targets.


Phonics check

Through the teaching of systematic phonics, our aim is for children to become fluent readers by the end of Key Stage 1. Children can then focus on developing fluency and comprehension throughout the school. Attainment in phonics is measured by the Phonics Screening Test at the end of Year 1.


Pupil Progress Meetings

The amount of progress made and percentages of those children on track to reach end of year targets is analysed and discussed at termly data meetings. Progress from Key Stage 1 will also be closely monitored in Key Stage 2 classes and compared with Fischer Family Trust (FFT) targets.


Intervention programmes  

In September 2020, before thinking about reading, writing, phonics or spelling catch up and/or intervention, we considered first and foremost children’s literary well-being for future learning, including:

  • building young children’s confidence,
  • their willingness to have a go,
  • their self-esteem and readers and writers, and enjoyment; and
  • establishing firm relationships with the adults in school and with their families.

The school operates a flexible approach to intervention programmes based on learning needs identified in termly pupil progress meetings and through ongoing data analysis by the senior leadership, class teacher and the English team (Reading, Writing (including grammar), Phonics and Spelling leads). 


Teachers use guided groups led by themselves and teaching assistants to tackle children’s misconceptions in reading and writing.   Pre-teaching, flexible ‘catch up’ sessions and adult-led small groups within subsequent lessons are used with those children who have not progressed within a lesson, with the aim of ensuring that children are making the maximum level of progress and gaps are closed.